Researcher biography

Duncan is Lecturer in classical archaeology at the University of Manchester. His research focuses on the relationship between environment, technology and society in the past, especially in the ancient Mediterranean and in Australia. He is particularly interested in how past and Indigenous practices can help us manage this relationship today. Duncan's research interests are focused on the intersection between Roman society, environment and technology, which he investigates using Latin and Greek texts, archaeological evidence, and geoscientific analyses of limestone deposits.

Duncan has current projects on the climate, flooding and water management in ancient Italy and floodplain management and carbon storage in Australia's channel country, as well as how Roman mortar developed and why it is so durable.  Duncan's long-term research agenda is a holistic, large-scale comparison of key factors – including climatic and environmental variability, population dynamics, land use, disease, instability and governance – influencing Rome's long history, using quantitative estimates (proxies) in a humanities-based interpretative framework. Duncan has previously excavated in Italy, Israel and Australia, and is currently part of the Glac project, investigating a late antique Imperial villa complex near ancient Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia).

Duncan is an Honorary Research Fellow at UQ's Centre for Policy Futures, having been a fellow there in 2020. Prior to his position at the University of Manchester, Duncan was Lecturer in Classics and Ancient History at the University of Queensland. Duncan has also held postdoctoral positions at the Collegium de Lyon (2017-2018), University of Glasgow (2014 - 2017) and the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (2011-2014). Duncan's doctoral thesis (Macquarie University, 2011), investigated the creation and social and environmental impacts of a unique, regional water supply network. Before his Masters of Arts in Ancient History (Macquarie, 2006), Duncan completed an honours degree in chemical engineering.